GIS and public policies
Geographic information is everywhere: on google maps, in GPS, even on television. Most people use it in their everyday life to locate amenities, to prepare for a trip and to go from one address to another. We frequently use geographic information on our smartphones through geo-location. Based on satellites, geo-location uses maps made both of vector data and rasterized images. Even though this technology has made our lives easier, it poses a lot of challenges to public policies.
Nowadays, this kind of data is very useful to focus on the global consequences of climate changes: the rise of sea and ocean levels, the impact of tornados and earthquakes. Geographic information helps local authorities and aid organizations to gather and spread goods and resources after damaging disease, war and climate disasters. It also helps to understand and manage urban issues. Thus, thanks to geographic information, we can get a perspective from a global view of changes on earth to the local consequences of human activities.
Geographic information can help us study demographics, identify inequalities or disparities, and manage public policies.
The main agendas of this course are:
- first, identify which kind of data you can use with different types of applications relating to public policies
- Then, explain how European legislation and GIS organizations are key factors for geographic information spread
- Explore different applications in established projects to see how geographic data is used as a knowledge application that helps to define and assess public policies, manage networks and communicate on a project
- Identify the main stakeholders of GIS and spatial data business area
- Finally, explore the main tools of a GIS software: QGis
Few readings and references
Global view on GIS
Roger F. Tomlinson, Thinking about GIS: Geographic information System Planning for Managers, 2007
Geographic information resources
Geographic information and legislations
INSPIRE, The European directive: https://inspire.ec.europa.eu/about-inspire/563
The European directive relating to assessment and management of environmental noise mainly through noise mapping: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:32007L0002&from=EN
The Open Geospatial Consortium: http://www.opengeospatial.org/
GIS and urban planning
Mieux connaître les risques sur le territoire: http://www.georisques.gouv.fr
Cartes stratégiques de Bruit de Seine-et-Marne: http://bruit.seine-et-marne.fr
Le Système d’information géographique de la politique de la ville: sig.ville.gouv.fr
Géoportail de l’urbanisme: https://www.geoportail-urbanisme.gouv.fr/map/#tile=1&lon=2.424722&lat=46.76305599999998&zoom=6
GIS in Sustainable Urban Planning and Management (Open Access), Edited ByMartin van Maarseveen, Javier Martinez, Johannes Flacke, 2018